Chag Sameach, Tomorrow is Purim 5770!

Yes, Jews will soon commemorate the time in the fifth century B.C. when a Jewish Queen (Esther) defeated an Iranian anti-Semite.  Sure, it’s an event from ancient history, but it sounds like something we might hear on today’s news, doesn’t it?

Unfortunately, I still haven’t found any hamentaschen locally (see the picture below and my entry from March 22, 2008).  Hopefully, one of these days they’ll turn up, even if there aren’t many Jews here in Kentucky.  After all, I did find muscadines (Florida grapes) here, after two years of searching.

The Xenophile Historian Goes North

It has been nearly three months since I finished my last new history paper, so I’ve waited long enough to get started on the next one.  It also seemed appropriate to do it now, because Canada was next on my “to-do” list, and the Canadians are enjoying two weeks in the international spotlight right now, while the Winter Olympic games are going on in Vancouver.

This will be the sixth (and last) history paper in The Anglo-American Adventure, my North American history series.  Called “The Great Wide North,” it will cover Canadian history from 1867, when the present Dominion government was established, to the present.  In Chapters 1 to 3, I was able to cover both Canadian and US history, side by side, up to 1867.  However, for the fourth and fifth chapters of the work, I concentrated just on US history.  I did this for two reasons:

1.  By itself, US history is long enough.  The original WordPerfect documents were whoppers before I converted them to HTML, 114 pages for Chapter 4, and 150 pages for Chapter 5.

2.  Canadian history is a big unknown for most Americans, including myself, alas.  In school we covered the main events of Canada’s colonial history (e.g., the French explorers and the French & Indian War), but my teachers and textbooks said almost nothing about Canadian history after 1867.  I wouldn’t be surprised if most Americans think nothing happened north of the 49th parallel after that date.  Heck, we’re lucky if we know the name of the current prime minister.  This means that I have to do more than the usual amount of research, in order to give our neighbor to the north equal time.  I’ll be learning and writing at the same time, but it’s only fair that I do so, to complete this series.  That way hopefully some readers will see Canada as more than just a land of spectacular scenery, hockey players and Mounties, the sidekick of the US and UK.

The good news is that with Canada’s smaller population, not as much has happened north of the border as south of it, so I don’t think it will take me most of a year to write the chapter, the way I did with Chapters 4 & 5.  Thanks for reading, and stay tuned for more updates!

The Snow is Back

Rain on Monday, and a sunny Tuesday and Wednesday, got rid of most of the remaining snowdrifts left over from last week.  Then more snow fell on us today.  An inch was on the roads by the time I went to work.  It was slow going, because from the looks of things, the city was caught by surprise and the roads weren’t treated with salt.  I didn’t dare take the country roads for my commute, but even at an intersection on the main roads I spun out, while trying to make a slow right turn.  Don’t worry, nobody hit me and I didn’t hit anything.

Cold as it was, most of the snow on the roads melted by mid-afternoon, so I had no trouble getting home, though flakes continued to fall for the afternoon and evening.  But while there were plenty of accidents on the roads this morning, we were lucky again, because I heard that twelve more inches of snow was predicted to fall on Philadelphia and New Jersey.

If you’re following the bad news about Toyota, you probably heard that Akio Toyota, the company president, flew from Japan to testify before Congress today.  When he got done he came to visit Kentucky’s Toyota factory, located between Georgetown and Cynthiana, about 20 miles north of us.  We’re starting to get really concerned about this issue of the recalls over gas pedals and brakes, because it is hurting the car’s image, and Toyota is one of the largest employers locally.  One of my friends, Alphonso Fergerson, works for Toyota, to give just one example.  So far there have been cutbacks in hours worked, but I don’t believe there have been any layoffs.  But with politics in Washington being as vicious as they are, I wonder if Congress and the media are going to hound the Toyota executives until they fall on their swords?

A New Look For My History Papers

I’ve been at home each day since my last message; I just developed a minor case of writer’s block, where I couldn’t think of anything new to write.  Now I’m reporting that I made a change to the appearance of the history papers on The Xenophile Historian.  I removed the background that makes it look like they were etched in stone, so now the history papers feature black text on a plain white background.  This was done to make them a bit easier to read; today’s Internet surfers are an impatient lot, and webmasters shouldn’t do anything that will cause visitors to leave the website too quickly.

I will keep the “Expedition” theme (background) for the home page and those associated with it in the main folder.  The download page, link page, and the folder I call “The Holy Book of Universal Truths” will also keep it for the time being, as it shouldn’t take as long to read what’s on those pages.  If you use Internet Explorer or Opera as your browser, the colored scrollbars on the history pages will keep their colors, too.  Again, thanks for your support, and happy websurfing!

Move Over, Red Bull. Nisroch Will Really Give You Wings!

I’m saying this with my fingers crossed; it looks like the worst part of winter is behind us.  There are still several snowdrifts lying around (I saw one three feet high in a Wal-Mart parking lot today), and a few snowmen in front of houses, but I’m seeing more grass than snow these days.  Leive and I spent all of Saturday in Louisville, where the temperature got up to 55 degrees.  Then today it reached 62, so when I went out, I didn’t need a jacket at all.  A few more degrees and it will be up to what we are used to, from our Florida days!  However, the current forecast has daytime temperatures in the 30s and 40s for the rest of this week, so spring isn’t quite here yet.

And now for a different subject.  When it comes to great satire, I don’t believe anyone online has a better reputation for it than The Onion.  In the past I mentioned funny history-related news stories from them, like the one about archaeologists finding out that before Egypt had mummies, that ancient land was terrorized by skeleton people.

Now The Onion has announced the launching of a new energy drink named after Nisroch, the god of the Assyrian king Sennacherib.  This is the character you may have seen in Assyrian relief sculptures, who had the body of a man, and the head and wings of an eagle.  What better symbol for a drink that is supposed to give you power and speed?  Click on the link below to read the story.

Forgotten Assyrian God Revived to Name Sports Drink

Clueless British Reporters

Yesterday Vice President Biden made a speech on the economy.  This time, however, I’m not going to make fun of Mr. Biden, because he didn’t get in trouble with his mouth.  The people who committed an embarrassing gaffe with their words were two British reporters, Kay Burley and an unnamed male companion.

What happened was that Biden attended a Catholic mass before making his speech, because it was Ash Wednesday.  I’ve been to Ash Wednesday services, so I know what they’re all about:  the season of Lent begins, and the priest marks each person attending with a spot of ashes on the forehead, reminding us that we came from the dust of the earth, and will someday return to it.  Thus, Biden was marked, and the reporters had no idea what it was.  While everybody was listening, they asked out loud what the spot was, and if Biden had bumped his head while at the Winter Olympics.

What’s the matter with these ignorant reporters?  The Church of England observes Ash Wednesday, too, so even non-Catholics in Great Britain ought to be more familiar with the day than Americans are.  They should have gotten a hint earlier this week, when the Archdruid (formerly Archbishop) of Canterbury suggested that this Lent, parishioners ought to do something that will help the environment.  At the end of the video, Ms. Burley found out that Biden had ashes on his forehead, and apologized for being a bad Catholic.  Well, by the time she said that, I knew it was true what I heard several years back–that most Europeans don’t go to church anymore.

King Tut’s DNA Results

Yesterday the results were announced, after DNA from the mummy of Egypt’s Tutankhamun was compared with DNA from a bunch of other royal mummies.  The news was supposed to be released today, but I guess too much had leaked out already.  With these tests, I’ll venture that we learned as much about Tut’s family as we knew previously.  For a start, the tests give names to some mummies who didn’t have a positive identification before.  Here’s what we learned:

1.  Tutankhamun died of a combination of a broken leg and malaria.  Moreover, the presence of more than one strain of malarial DNA tells us he had the disease more than once.  He also had a clubfoot, and was forced to walk with a cane.  This is why he was buried with an assortment of canes and walking sticks, some of which showed signs of being used.  Evidently the picture showing him leaning on a walking stick was realistic.

2.   Tut’s poor health was probably caused by inbreeding (see #5 below).  The XVIII dynasty may have been less inbred than most of the families that produced pharaohs, but its genetic good luck ran out with him.

3.  The mummy identified as Amenhotep III was his grandfather, and the bones found in KV55 came from his father.  This settles another question one and for all–the person buried in KV55 was Akhenaten, not Smenkhkare.

4.  The mummy from KV35 called the “Elder Lady,” identified as Queen Tiye in 1976, was King’s Tut’s grandmummy, all right.

5.   Another mummy from KV35, the so-called “Younger Lady,” was Tutankhamun’s mother; she was Tiye’s daughter, and thus Akhenaten’s full-blooded sister.  Unfortunately we don’t have a name for her yet, so we can’t say for sure if she was Nefertiti or somebody else.

6.  The two mummified fetuses buried with Tut were his stillborn daughters, and a mummy from KV21 was their mother.  That means Tut’s wife, Ankhesenamun, has been found.

7.  Akhenaten didn’t really look as weird as his portraits and statues suggest.  The only unusual feature detected from the KV55 body was an elongated head.  It looks like he had the pictures done that way as an artistic convention.  The god he worshiped, Aten, was portrayed as sexless, so he wanted to be shown as both male and female, too.  For me this was the most surprising discovery.

At a minimum, I’m going to have to rewrite some paragraphs on my ancient Egypt page.

Here are some news links to the story:

From FOX News

From The Globe & Mail

From National Geographic