The Subdivision of Classical Greece

In 2012 I divided Chapter 2 of my European History into two parts.  That is the page where I shared what I know about classical Greece, and because that is one of the ancient civilizations we know the most about, the page was long and cumbersome.  The division was to make it easier on both the eyes and search engine spiders, but it was still larger than I liked.  So today, being shut in by another "polar vortex," I subdivided each of the two pages, meaning there are now four pages making up Chapter 2.

I was also able to organize the subject matter in the four parts better than I had before.  Although I did not give each page a separate name, the narrative now runs smoothly as follows:

Part 1 = The whole pre-classical era, when Greek civilization was developing.
Part 2 = The golden age of Athens.
Part 3 = The decline of Greece, from the Peloponnesian War to the arrival of the Romans in the neighborhood.
Part 4 = Greek religion and philosophy.

Here is the new layout.  Read and enjoy, if you haven’t done so previously.


Chapter 2: Classical Greece

1000 to 197 B.C.
Part I

What Made Classical Greece So Special?

The Archaic Period


Aristocracy, Oligarchy, and Tyranny

Militant Sparta

The Athenian Road to Democracy

The Persian Wars

Why the Greeks Won

Part II

Athenian Democracy

Greek Medicine

Hellenic Poetry and Drama

Hellenic Architecture, Sculpture and Pottery

Athenian Society

Athenian Imperialism

Athenian-Spartan Rivalry

Part III

The Peloponnesian War

Spartan and Theban Ascendancy

Philip of Macedon

Alexander’s Empire Up For Grabs

Hellenistic Devolution

Part IV

Pre-Classical Greek Religion

The Early Philosophers

The Sophists and Socrates

Plato and Aristotle

Other Developments in Greek Philosophy

Finding a Long-Lost Relative

My brother Chris just got back from another trip to south Florida.  On the way back he visited Fort Meade, in the southernmost part of Polk County, to check on a relative who once lived there.  That was Valentine Bock (1841-1913), a great-great-grandfather on our mother’s side of the family.  As far as we know, he is the first member of our family to move to Florida.

Sure enough, he is buried in Fort Meade’s cemetery, along with his second wife (he divorced his first wife when she refused to go to Florida).  I’ll let my brother tell more in the video:

Call Me Old Queer, and Get It Over With

NBC:  This Gold-Medalist Is Living An "Alternative Lifestyle" Because He Has a Wife and Child

My goodness, has “gay” become the new “straight?”  David Wise is one of our gold medal winners at the winter Olympics, and NBC is concerned because he has a wife and a two-year-old girl, though he is just 23 years old.  The NBC reporter calls it an “alternative lifestyle” and the “lifestyle of an adult.”  Click on the link above for the story.

Granted, they probably think that way because Obamacare has moved the age of adulthood up from 18 to 26.  But it wasn’t that long ago when being married with children at the age of 23 was perfectly normal.  It could have been my lifestyle if I had married earlier in life; heck, my daughter did it.  And Mr. Wise is even talking about becoming a pastor someday, so I’m guessing they live by Christian standards at home – another thing my family does, too.

Thirty years ago, some folks at my university tried to launch what they called the “Alternative Lifestyles Organization.”  It wasn’t about getting married and raising a family.  It was about promoting deviant sex that had been banned by the law and/or by the churches.  The conservative columnist for the local newspaper renamed the group the “Oral Sex Club,” and the group’s promoters were laughed off the campus.

I am also reminded of a science fiction novel I read in the 1980s, "The Forever War," by Joe Haldeman.  The hero of the story is a straight army officer born in 1970 named William Mandella, and in the early 21st century he is drafted to fight a war in space.  Every time he travels to a new star to fight another battle, time dilation and the effects of the theory of relativity mean he won’t age much, but hundreds of years go by on earth.  While he is away, homosexuality is encouraged to stop population growth.  Eventually Mandella finds himself the oldest veteran of the war, and in command of a unit where everyone else is homosexual; they don’t like his 21st century accent and heterosexuality, and call him "Old Queer."  Now I’m wondering if our society is starting to think that way already.

I Can See the Bluegrass

I hear that Barack Obama is in a foul mood, because yesterday was President’s Day and he did not get all the gifts he wanted (LOL).

But seriously, it felt like spring started today, more than a month before the calendar says it should.  When I lived in central Florida, February 18 was the unofficial first day of spring.  That’s the last day when a frost is likely in the Orlando area, and the azaleas, orange blossoms and other flowers bloom very soon after that.  Here in Kentucky the temperature warmed up as high as 58 today.  For the first time in a month, maybe two, Leive and I were able to go through most of the day without the furnace running.

It also meant most of the snow melted outside, so we can now see the grass again.  No, it’s not blue yet or even green; it will probably remain brown until March.  Still it’s yet another sign that the winter storm is behind us, and life is returning to normal.