Southeast Asian Contraction

Last November 11, I wrote that when I first composed the oldest history papers on this site (India, China, Southeast Asia and Russia) the available word processing technology limited the size of the papers to 32 KB, but the webpages on The Xenophile Historian are indexed best when they are close to, but not larger than 120 KB.  Consequently, yesterday I decided to merge the shortest Southeast Asian history papers.  Chapter 1 has now become part of Chapter 2, Chapter 5 has become part of Chapter 6, and the rest are renumbered accordingly; the total number of chapters has been reduced from eight to six.

Don’t worry, I did not delete any content.  If anything, I’ll have to add more soon, to cover what has happened over there since 2000.  The topics are now organized as follows:

Chapter 1: God-Kings of the Far East

(Before 1500 A.D.)

A Geographical Introduction

An Amazing Beginning

The Arrival of the Malays



Other Mon and Malay States

Burma: Pyu, Pegu and Arakan

Early Vietnam

Nan Zhao

Pre-Moslem Indonesia

The Khmers


Dai Viet vs. Champa

The Birth of Siam

Ava and Ayutthaya

Lan Xang

The Long Road from Mecca to Manila


Chapter 2: The First Centuries of European Penetration

(1500 to 1800)

The Portuguese Quest for Spices and Souls

Magellan’s Expedition

The Spanish Philippines

The Second Burmese Empire

Cambodian Escapade

The Dutch East India Company

Arakan: The Mrohaung Era

The Phaulkon Affair

The Fall of Lan Xang

The End of Champa

Two Divisions of Vietnam

Eighteenth Century Burma & Siam

Chapter 3: The West Takes Over

(1800 to 1941)

The Dutch East Indies

British Malaya, Singapore, and Borneo

French Indochina

Britain Annexes Burma

Philippine Nationalism

America Comes to the Philippines

A New Siam

Nationalism in Burma

Nationalism in the Dutch East Indies

Nationalism in French Indochina

Chapter 4: Nationalism Triumphant

(1941 to 1957)

Japan Strikes

Life Under Tojo’s Heel

The Forgotten War in Burma

The Liberation of the Philippines

The Last Acts of World War II

Nationalism Unleashed

The Indonesian War of Independence

The Karen Revolt and Other Burmese Problems

The Hukbalahap Rebellion

Thailand: Between Hot and Cold Wars

The First Indochina War

The Malayan Emergency

Chapter 5: The Second Indochina War

(1954 to 1975)

America’s Mandarin

The Three-Sided War in Laos


Vietnamization and the Cambodian Diversion

The Phony Peace

Chapter 6: Southeast Asia in the Late Twentieth Century

(1975 to 2000 for Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam; 1957 to 2000 for everybody else)

Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore: Success Despite the Odds

Burma/Myanmar: A Ne Win Situation

Cambodia: The Killing Fields

Indonesia Under Sukarno

Indonesia Today: Life in the Fasting Lane

Laos: The Land of Feeling Good

The Philippines: A Dictatorship Made for Two

The Philippines: People Power

Thailand: The Unconquered Kingdom

Vietnam: The Phoenix of Asia


If you are a regular visitor to the site, I assume you have seen my Southeast Asian history already.  If not, click here to start reading, and have a great day.

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